Unlike most British Army infantry regiments, which were associated with a county, the King's represented the city of Liverpool, one of only four regiments affiliated to a city in the British Army. In their opinion the non-swimmers wouldn’t stand a chance. 3rd (Reserve) Battalion August 1914 : in Seaforth, Liverpool. During this encounter we had no idea of what was really happening. The King's Regiment fielded 49 battalions and lost 13,795 officers and other ranks during the course of the war. We all knew that the operation started today, but not exactly what the operation was. This is a list of battalions of the King's Regiment (Liverpool), which existed as a regiment of the British Army from 1881 to 1958. All volunteer battalions were renumbered to create a single sequential order. Second World War Japanese occupation 5 Rupee bank note, issued by the Japanese government. The King's Regiment did not, however, return to its original peacetime size; it lost the 8th (Liverpool Irish) and 9th battalions shortly after the war ended. Search our index of King's Regiment soldiers who served in the First World War to find out if they are in the database held by the King's Regiment. The Chindits were sent deep behind enemy lines to sabotage Japanese communications during the British advance. Orders of fixed bayonets were given, Bren guns were checked and we were now ready for battle. Hampshire Regiment Herefordshire Regiment Hertfordshire Regiment Highland Light Infantry Honourable Artillery Company Household Cavalry Indian Army Kent Cyclist Battalion Inns Of Court Officers Training Corps Irish Guards King's Liverpool Regiment King's Own Royal Lancaster Regiment King's Own Scottish Borderers King's Own Yorkshire Light Infantry last surviving King’s Regiment Chindit living in Merseyside. On arrival here at Infal, we had to report to the stores, which had been set up by our own regiment, the 13th King’s, where we were issued with boots, socks, shirts, slacks, shorts, hose tops, razor blades, mess tins knife fork spoon and one pair of sharp scissors issued between us, which had to go to a barber to cut our hair and we had to hack away at our own beards before shaving. Army: King's Own Royal Regiment, Lancaster - 9th Battalion by WW2_Database. ", A Chindit column (or soldier formation) crossing a river in Burma, 1943. He kept looking across to our side as if waiting for someone. This is an original WW2 King's Liverpool Regiment Cap Badge for sale. 30th June 1918: The 17th Bn returns to England. Then the journey back to India would begin. With our clothes and rifle secured on top, we hoped to kick and float across the river. Rank: Private Number: 15797 Died 31st August 1918 Buried at Ecoust-St Mein Cemetery, France, in the Pas De Calais Area We don't have any surviving documents of his at all, and there are sadly no living relatives of ours who would have anything of his. 13th August : Carnoy area. 1941, Transferred to the Royal Artillery, February 1942 and became, Formerly the 2/10th King's, September 1940, Formed from the 10th King's, September 1940, Amalgamated with 1st Manchesters to form the 1st Battalion, The King's Regiment (Manchester and Liverpool), 1958, Retained its identity until 1967, when it became a, This page was last edited on 28 August 2020, at 19:36. 13th Battalion, Kings Liverpool Regiment; 14th Battalion, Kings Liverpool Regiment; 15th Battalion, Kings Liverpool Regiment; ... We would like to obtain digital copies of any documents or photographs relating to WW2 you may have at home. Daylight was shining through the jungle; the noise of guns and mortars could be heard very near. The King's expansion during the Second World War was modest compared to 1914-1918. We were soon pinned down under heavy fire. The Commonwealth War Graves Commission has 812 recorded WW1 deaths for the 18th (Service) Battalion, (2nd City), The King's, (Liverpool Regiment). Machete and scabbard used by Captain FC Freeman during 1944 Chindit expedition. “so chaps” ended Captain Freeman “get as much rest as you can for it’s a tough job. Next morning I went into Infal Hospital for a check-up. History of the King's Regiment (Liverpool) 1914-1919 Massive history of the old 8th Regiment of Foot. Bn. 13th (Home Service) Battalion ... 01.06.1918 Formed at Cromer and absorbed the 11th Battalion of the Kings’ (Liverpool) Regiment, and then moved to Brookwood as a Pioneer Battalion of the 14th Division. This is a list of battalions of the King's Regiment (Liverpool), which existed as an infantry regiment of the British Army from 1881 to 1958. So now there were eleven of us left and we were still on the wrong side of the river!". 2nd Battalion August 1914 : in Peshawar in India. After a number of bursts from Tommy guns by different men, we realised these Japanese must have been tied to the trees and were snipers. On 17 September 1937 he was sent for traing at 1 Wing in Henlow near Luton. Our beloved leader General Orde Wingate was coming to an ‘O group’ with our platoon officers. His idea seemed to be that if we were split up there would be less chance of a main party running into trouble. Then, when we had completed ‘Broadway’ we would join up with the other troops for the assault. A training unit, it remained in U… Landed at Le Havre 13 August 1914. He also told us that our last dropping would be this morning. King's (Liverpool Regiment) during WW2 Battalions of The Kings (Liverpool Regiment) 1st Battalion The Battalion took part in the 2nd Chindit Operation in Burma, 1944 2nd Battalion 1944: the Battalion served in Italy 5th Battalion 1944: the Battalion landed in Normandy on D-Day. based at St Anne's Street, Liverpool. She returned later to do my 30 or 40 jungle sores and put ointment all over them. Volunteer battalions had been created in reaction to a perceived threat of invasion by France in the late 1850s. Private Arthur House was also with the 1st Battalion: "The Japanese searched for us deftly stabbing their bayonets into the undergrowth; as the noise of their search grew farther away, we re-grouped and found five men were missing, Sgt King, Ptes Blundell, Fairfield and Sammy Booth, as well as the American pilot. By now we were all fully awake. 28th July : Bois des Tailles. 1st Battalion. 3rd Spec. Fortunately, where we went, there was a large boulder and a bank of earth, but we could not poke our noses over as they would have been shot off. History of the 2/6th (Rifle) Battalion "The King's" (Liverpool Regiment), 1914-1919, 368 pp. 15th Battalion 16th Battalion 177th Company 177th Siege Battery 17th Battalion 18th 19th Battalion 1st 1st Battalion 1st Btn. Myself and five other men ran forward to the position indicated by them. During WW2 he served with the King's Liverpool Regiment, later being transfered to the Royal Air Force. 31st July 1918: The 19th Battalion is effectively disbanded leaving two surviving Battalions. Two of the stronger swimmers followed them, but within a minute they were back saying that the current was too strong and the water was very cold. Existing battalions formed duplicates as in the First World War, while National Defence Companies were combined to create a new "Home Defence" battalion. © 2020 National Museums Liverpool. ORDER OF BATTLE - 1st Chindit Expedition 1943. 30th July : Fricourt area. In the immediate post-war period, the army was significantly reduced: nearly all infantry regiments had their first and second battalions amalgamated and the Supplementary Reserve disbanded. The two Chindit invasions, coupled with an uprising of the Burmese Independent Army saw Burma return to British rule in 1945. Sgt McGee said “there will never be a better time to cross” and he and Pte Milburn waded in. Frederick, John Bassett Moore (1969), p.111, Frederick, John Bassett Moore (1969), p.128, 38th (The King's Regiment) Anti-Aircraft Battalion, 38th (The King's Regiment) Searchlight Regiment, 101st Light Anti-Aircraft Regiment, Royal Artillery, King's Regiment (Manchester and Liverpool), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_battalions_of_the_King%27s_Regiment_(Liverpool)&oldid=975482709, Lists of British Army units and formations, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 1st Battalion, 2nd Royal Lancashire Militia (The Duke of Lancaster's Own), 2nd Battalion, 2nd Royal Lancashire Militia (The Duke of Lancaster's Own), 5th (The Liverpool Rifle Volunteer Brigade) Lancashire Rifle Volunteer Corps, 18th (Liverpool Irish) Lancashire Rifle Volunteers Corps, 19th (Liverpool Press Guard) Lancashire Rifle Volunteer Corps, Amalgamation of 3rd and 4th Volunteer Battalions, 8th (Scottish) Volunteer Battalion (formed 1900), Absorbed by 1/8th King's on 31 January 1918, Absorbed by 1/9th King's in February 1918, Transferred to West Lancashire Reserve Brigade (WLRB), 1916, Became the 49th Training Reserve Battalion, September 1916, Absorbed by the 14th King's, 13 August 1918, Became 67th Training Reserve Battalion in, Possibly redesignated as the 27th; became the 2nd Labour Battalion, April 1917, Retained, though it became a "line infantry" battalion when its rifle distinctions were relinquished in 1937, Authorised March 1939; reformed October 1939, Authorised March 1939; reformed May 1939 as duplicate of 5th King's, Effective disbandment; placed in "suspended animation" on 21 March 1946, Redesignated the 30th (Home Defence) Battalion. Branches of trees were falling above our heads, mortar bombs were exploding. Formed in Liverpool on 29th August 1914 by Lord Derby, in the old watch factory at Prescot. Does anyone have any information regarding the battalion in Salonika and what they did ? Printed for the Regimental Committee by Gale & Polden Ltd., Aldershot, 1920 Enos Herbert Glynne Roberts A few were airlifted to safety, but many had to be left behind. Taking the Japanese from the rear, we would push right up North for 200 miles or so, eliminating the Japanese we contacted, and just behind a town called Mogaung, the Americans, under the famous General Stilwell, would have an airstrip ready to fly us out to India for recuperation, and then two months leave. The 19th is absorbed into the 14th Battalion of the Kings (Liverpool Regiment). The regiment fielded 49 battalions during the war from a pre-war establishment of two regular, two militia, and six territorial. 13th May 1918: The Pals battalions are sent to train American troops. When the 8th (The King's) Regiment of Foot became The King's (Liverpool Regiment) in 1881 under the Cardwell-Childers reforms of the British Armed Forces, eight pre-existent militia and volunteer battalions of Lancashire and the Isle of Man were integrated into the structure of the King's Regiment. Part of 1st (Peshawar) Brigade, 1st (Peshawar) Division of Indian Army. At about 3am Brigadier Wingate called us together and told us to surround him. Part of 6th Brigade, 2nd Division. It was a desperate situation. Robert said it was obvious Wingate knew they would not make it as a complete unit and stood more of a chance in smaller groups, his memoirs give us a good insight into his experience: "We slept that night in a dried-up river bed, with the moon shining very brightly. The first ‘Chindit’ expedition, Operation Longcloth, included the King’s (Liverpool) Regiment’s 13th Battalion, who marched into Burma in February 1943 - their task was to disrupt communication and supply lines. Log in or Sign up. Welcome to the WWII Forums! To mark the 75th anniversay of VJ Day I would now like to focus on journal extracts and personal accounts from our archive relating to the part played by the King’s Regiment 13th and 1st Battalions who served in the Far Eastern region during the Second World War. We set to work cutting lengths of bamboo to be tired together with our bedding lines. Unfortunately due to defective eyesight, he was discharged in January 1915. THE KING'S (Liverpool Regiment) 165th Brigade / 55th (West Lancashire) Division . They were referred to as the New Army or Kitchener's Army. ... he was with The Kings Liverpool Reg, 13th Bn. Sgt McGee decided to march towards the Chindwin, he was hoping our missing men might reach us there. After the four month battle, the Japanese had suffered their worst ever defeat with 55,000 casualties, including 13,500 killed. They were a multi-national Special Force comprised mainly of British battalions alongside the Gurkhas Rifles, Burma Rifles, Nigerian battalions, Royal Indian Army Service Corps and Hong Kong Volunteers, with airborne support from the Royal Air Force and the United States Air Force. 77th Indian Infantry Brigade 13th King's Liverpool Regiment 3/2nd Gurkha Rifles 142 Commando Company Uniquely, the 7th (Isle of Man) Battalion did not join the Territorial Force, instead remaining a "volunteer" battalion. This story has been written by George Appleton's daughter, Jayne Cant. He was probably sent for training with the Battalion in Salisbury. We never saw them again. Be outside on parade at 23:15 hours, ready for the transport to take us to the airfield, and good luck chaps”.". 25th July : Carnoy / Montauban. On Saturday 15 August 2020 we commemorate the 75th anniversary of VJ Day or Victory over Japan Day. It took several weeks to get all of the survivors back to India. Colour print by artist David Rowlands, shows the Chindits, 1st Battalion King's Regiment, landing at Broadway, Burma, 5 - 6 March 1944. The maps they carried, like the one pictured below, were printed onto brightly coloured silk so that they could be used to signal aeroplanes, but folded very small and easily hidden away if they were captured. The related objects pictured here, including the Chindit badge above, are all currently on display at the Museum of Liverpool’s City Soldiers gallery. Battalion War Diary 13th Battalion the King's (Liverpool) Regiment This is the Battalion diary for 22-31 March 1918 with a transcript of the narrative for the 28th March, the day that William Noll was killed. It was disbanded in 1908. (© IWM IND 2290). Remained in India throughout the war. The 9th Battalion was one of four newly raised units of the King's Own Royal Regiment in February 1940. A nursing sister called me into a room as she wanted to tend my wounds, which only consisted of jungle sores. THE KING'S (Liverpool Regiment) 6th Brigade / 2nd Division 23rd July : Bois des Tailles. The simultaneous Battles of Kohima and Imphal were a turning point in the campaign in Burma. Original composition. So that was it. The 13th Kings Liverpool were initally attached as Army Troops to 25th Division. We walked up the river bed for about 100 yards when an NCO beckoned us to proceed up the jungle path. I replied “if you couldn’t walk you were left. I … Log in or Sign up to interact with the community. Eventually he walked back into the jungle. It takes the form of an Allegory (Victory) memorial with a pedestal of granite and bronze figures and commemorates the Afghanistan (19c), Burma (19c) and South African (Boer) Wars. It had worked in training anyway! 27th July : Carrying parties to Longueval / Delville Wood. The Chindit name was derived from ‘Chinthe’, a mythical beast shown on the badge, represented as half lion, half griffin, guardian of Buddhist temples. 2/7th King's Liverpool Regiment (Bootle) At Aldershot Jan 1917 Photos Of The King's Liverpool Regiment A Raiding party of the 1/8th (Irish) ... 13th Battalion (Service) Dundon S J 2nd Lt : Photo Foster C W L/Cpl 95588 : Obituary Friend J B 2nd Lt : Photo and Obituary 7th August : Talus Boisé. 1st August : Carnoy area. Up to now there had been no observation of the Japanese in the immediate vicinity of Broadway, but one never knew where the crafty fellows were. At midnight we would leave Assam by glider and land in North Burma in a logging clearing which had been named ‘Broadway’. This time the 1st Battalion would take part. In good condition. Orange silk map of Burma as issued to Chindit columns, printed both sides 'NORTHERN BURMA' and 'CENTRAL BURMA', 1:1,000,000. The Brigadier said “the enemy were to the East, North, South and West and in fact we were bloody well surrounded.” He also said that we had kept at least 100 Japanese looking for each one of us and we had kept them well occupied. 1 Battalion King's Liverpool Regiment Jan 1 - Dec 31 1917 1 Battalion King's Liverpool Regiment Jan 1918 - Apr 1919 2 Garrison Battalion Kings Liverpool Regiment Jan 1917 - Dec 1918 4 Battalion King's Liverpool Regiment Nov 1915 - Nov 1919 5 Battalion King's Liverpool Regiment Feb-Dec 1915 1/5 Battalion King's Liverpool Regiment Jan 1916 - Apr 1919 The jungle had few established paths and they often had to hack their way through using machetes and locally made Kukris. Robert enlisted on 31 August 1937 at the RAF 1 depot in Uxbridge, Hillingdon, North London. The regiment's territorial components formed duplicate second and third line battalions. The second expedition took place early in 1944. It soon became apparent that Japan intended to maintain control over Burma and key trade routes to China. Some 13,795 Kingsmen died during the course of the war, the battalions suffering an average of 615 deaths. He caught malaria and it seems this is why he was posted back home in 1917. Members who served with Kings Regiment (Liverpool) Welcome to Forces Reunited the place where you can find information and friends from Kings Regiment (Liverpool).. We are the largest and fastest growing community of UK forces veterans on the web with over 500,000 members! (In this instance 13th Bn were part of 25th Brigade, then 76th Brigade and then 8th Brigade in 1915 moving to 9th Brigade in 1916. They united as the 1st Battalion on 1 September 1958. Suddenly I came across my 2 Platoon Officers who had found themselves a lovely cover behind a beautiful fallen tree and were shouting “Bren gunners forward”. By 1944 the Japanese were being driven back on several fronts. Some were sick or wounded and couldn’t make the journey out. 13th (Service) Battalion, The King's Regiment (Liverpool) was raised at Seaforth in September 1914, part of Kitchoner's Third New Army, which assembled in the area around Salisbury. They would fly in to a jungle clearing nicknamed ‘Broadway’ in gliders and clear a runway for powered aeroplanes. Planning for a second Chindit operation, Operation Thursday, began immediately. The 17th to 20th King's, New Army "Service" battalions, were referred to as the Liverpool "Pals" because they were predominantly composed of work colleagues. In my post commemorating the 75th anniversary of VE Day I wrote briefly about the Chindits who were the largest of the Allied Special Forces trained in guerrilla warfare, sent into Japanese-occupied Burma (now called Myanmar). In February 1915 they transferred to 76th Brigade in same Division. The History of the 2/6th Battalion "The King's" (Liverpool Regiment… We all knew this before we went into action.” She then broke down and cried her eyes out and had to leave the room. As darkness fell, we were all ready, then to our amazement, the Japanese arrived a hundred yards from us. Due to the on-going COVID-19 pandemic, many planned events and commemoration services will inevitably have to be cancelled or postponed, for updates please see: Receive news about National Museums Liverpool, exhibitions, events and more. Mules used for transport of supplies were vital. My next post will concentrate on the personal account given by Philip Hayden who was the last surviving King’s Regiment Chindit living in Merseyside. Making an infernal racket, they proceeded to cross the Chindwin with storm lamps, floats, ponies and much shouting. 1/5th 1/6th 10th Battalion 117th Battery, 26th Brigade 11th Battalion 122nd Battery 12th Battalion 13th Battalion 14th Battalion 14th Service Bn. Volunteer battalions had been created in reaction to a perceived … The King's Regiment (Liverpool) was one of the oldest line infantry regiments of the British Army, having been formed in 1685 and numbered as the 8th (The King's) Regiment of Foot in 1751. Private Robert Valentine Hyner was with the 13th Battalion and remembered the orders from their Commanding Officer, Orde Wingate: “I want you all to get back safely to India. While she was attending to me she asked why there were no seriously wounded amongst our lot. Organised as "rifle volunteer corps", they were independent of the British Army and composed primarily of the middle class. We burnt our new jungle greens because they were infested with lice and we then dressed in our new gear of shorts and shirts. The orders from India Command were that we had succeeded in our job and we were to return to India. The ‘columns’ were trained to fight together or disperse quickly if thing swent wrong, reassembling rapidly by radio contact. Japanese radio broadcast Emperor Hirohito’s recorded message of unconditional surrender, effectively ending the Second World War and allowing British soldiers to begin to return home. My Great Uncle served with the 14th Kings Liverpool Regiment in Salonika from 9 Nov 1916 to 11 Apr 1917. The Special Reserve reverted to its militia designation in 1921, then to the Supplementary Reserve in 1924; however, its battalions were effectively placed in 'suspended animation'. By the end of March they received orders that their part of the mission had been successful and they were to return to India. 1st Battalion August 1914 : in Aldershot. Many battalions of the King's were formed as part of Secretary of State for War Lord Kitchener's appeal for an initial 100,000 men volunteers in 1914. Private Vincent Worral, serving in the 1st Battalion of the King’s, was part of the second expedition in 1944, here he describes their preparations: "Yes, today was a very special day. When the 8th (The King's) Regiment of Foot became The King's (Liverpool Regiment) in 1881 under the Cardwell-Childers reforms of the British Armed Forces, eight pre-existent militia and volunteer battalions of Lancashire and the Isle of Man were integrated into the structure of the King's Regiment. We reached the Chindwin two days later; Des Thompson and I were the first to reach it and we were surprised to see how wide and fast flowing it was. Originally published in three volumes this reprinted work comes in one softback edition and include a roll of honour of 14,200 war dead. Thousands more were wounded, sick, or taken prisoner. Regiment Battalion Any Battalion "M" Coy. 9th August : In front line in Maltz Horn Farm sector. The Territorial Force (later Territorial Army) was formed in 1908, which the volunteer battalions joined, while the militia battalions transferred to the "Special Reserve". In addition to this, 16 battalions and four batteries of the Home Guard were affiliated to the regiment. The only change to the regiment's structure during the period of 1881-1908 occurred during the Second Boer War. VE Day (8 May 1945) had already marked the end of the Second World War against Germany and her allies in Europe. A Pals Battalion. The first ‘Chindit’ expedition, Operation Longcloth, included the King’s (Liverpool) Regiment’s 13th Battalion, who marched into Burma in February 1943 - their task was to disrupt communication and supply lines. I weighed only seven stone; my normal weight was 12 stone. In dense forest, men could get lost if they strayed just a few metres away from their colleagues. After you've exhausted King's, Lpool and Liv* in the regiment field, just type in KLCB. 14th August : Ville-sur-Ancre. Members who served with Kings Regiment (Liverpool) Welcome to Forces Reunited the place where you can find information and friends from Kings Regiment (Liverpool).. We are the largest and fastest growing community of UK forces veterans on the web with over 500,000 members! Once there we had to put the clearing in shape ready for a Dakota (DC3) landing field, where troops would be landed for an assault on the ‘up till now supreme’ Imperial Japanese Army, who had swept through Burma from Malaya and were now on the doorstep of India. 1/7th Battalion. Of higher formations, the Liverpool Pals sustained nearly 2,800 c… By the end of March they received orders that their part of the mission had been successful and they were to return to India. During the conflict, the regiment formed two additional regular battalions in Ireland in 1900, which required the militia to be renumbered the 5th and 6th battalions to accommodate them. On the other side was a Japanese officer, complete with sword, pacing backward and forward on the narrow strip of sand at the water’s edge. Served in the Kings Liverpool Regiment, 13th battalion. Japan had entered the British Colony of Burma in 1942 promising them independence. By 1922, all of the regiment's war-raised battalions had disbanded. The King's Liverpool Regiment memorial stands in St John's Gardens, St Jonh's Lane, Liverpool. Firing was coming from the tops of the trees, so I fired a short burst from the Bren gun in that direction. Of those 49 battalions, 22 served extensively, receiving 58 battle honours and six Victoria Crosses for service on the Western Front, the Balkans, India, and Russia. Please see our other items for more original WW1, WW2 & post war British military cap badges for sale including other King's Liverpool Regiment cap badges. The new battalions disbanded in 1901 and the militia reverted to their original designations. Moved to 10th Brigade in 4th (Quetta) Division December 1917. 13th … A defence review by Duncan Sandys in 1957 decided that the King's would be amalgamated with the Manchester Regiment, to form the King's Regiment (Manchester and Liverpool). 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