The term conflict theory crystallized in the 1950s as sociologists like Lewis Coser and Ralf Dahrendorf criticized the then dominant structural functionalism in sociology for overly emphasizing the consensual, conflict-free nature of societies (see Classics of the Conflict Theory Paradigm). The basic assumption of conflict theory is an individual or group will dominate others and actively avoid being dominated. Conflict theory best explains and supports the disparity hypothesis, which is quite different than the disproportionality hypothesis. Marx believed that … Antisocial behavior results from class conflict and social and economic inequality. It asserts that particular segments of society benefit disproportionately from established social and economic arrangements, which leads them to employ the state's coercive force in maintaining Sociological Paradigm #2: Conflict Theory. ranted criticisms of conflict theory.6 The present paper focuses on the distinction between conflict and radical criminology. Another social-structural approach is the conflict school of criminology. It traces its roots to Marxist theories that saw crime as ultimately a product of conflict between different classes under the system of capitalism. However, both perspectives are used in the disciplines of sociology and criminology to explain the disproportionate representation of certain races in official crime statistics and the criminal justice system. Abstract: Introduction. Conflict theory looks at society as a competition for limited resources. The fundamental causes of crime are the social and economic forces operating within society. Plural: conflict theories; While conflict theory originated from the work of Karl Marx (1818–1883), there is not a singular conflict theory but rather conflict theories. Marxian prespective provide a radical alternative to functionalist view of the nature of social stratification. Conflict Theory – On a different spin, conflict theory holds that crime results from the conflicts in society among the different social classes, and that laws actually arise from necessity as a result of conflict, rather than a general consensus. Conflict theory is a set of criminological theories that holds that those in society who possess the social and economic power, the ruling class, define antisocial behavior. Conflict theory attempts to explain class conflict. Conflict theorists also look for answers to the correlation of gender and race with wealth and crime. It begins with a discussion of the work of Marx and Engels on crime, in order to clarify the relationship of their thought to that of present-day conflict and radical criminologists. Conflict theory was greatly influenced by the work of German philosopher, economist, and social scientist Karl Marx. Conflict Theory in Criminology (From Radical Criminology, P 61-77, 1980, by James A Inciardi - See NCJ-70047) Author(s): C R Huff: Date Published: 1980: Annotation: The conflict model of criminology is discussed with attention to nine major theorists demonstrating three conflict perspectives. CONFLICT THEORY (KARL MARX) Marx never gave theory of stratification,he gave a theory of social class on the basis of which we derive stratification or inequality in society. Conflict theory is a rather fuzzy theoretical paradigm in sociological thinking. 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