To calculate maintenance costs, we used AAA’s 2019 Your Driving Costs analysis. Fuel efficient vehicles have higher MPGs, meaning they need to be filled up less often -- and cost you the least per mile. Comparing EVs and gas vehicles isn't a straight comparison in most cases. costs on electric vehicles can be higher as well. Electric cars are undoubtedly a great investment if you’re looking to go green. But as we said, at this point in time, it’s complicated. Gasoline vs. Electric Cars: Energy Usage and Cost By Stanislav Jakuba -- February 4, 2015 “Should electric cars become ubiquitous, electricity will be taxed to yield that revenue. You may be able to find more information about this and similar content at piano.io, 2020 Subaru Crosstrek vs 2020 Subaru Forester, 2020 Jeep Cherokee vs 2020 Grand Cherokee Compared, 2020 Hyundai Tucson vs 2020 Hyundai Santa Fe, Volkswagen Tiguan: Common Problems and Fixes. If you drive an electric car you’re obviously planning for … Con: Electric cars can travel less distance AEVs on average have a shorter range than gas-powered cars. The cars' purchase prices (including destination charges) are as follows: For annual miles driven, we went with 15,000—the de facto average mileage stat for U.S. drivers for decades. Desired range – an electric cart’s range is typically 15-25 miles, depending on the type of battery. However, many manufacturers are placing more emphasis on creating new EV models as these vehicles become more popular and widely owned. While a gas … If you're considering buying an electric car vs. a gas car, there are a number of issues to consider, including overall cost, emissions, and vehicle selection. The cost of owning and operating an electric car vs. gas car is one of the most important considerations when you're looking to purchase, as Energy Sage points out. To investigate whether an electric vehicle truly is cheaper than its gas counterpart to own and use as daily transportation we chose two models in the US market that are available with both powertrains: The Hyundai Kona and Kona Electric, and the Mini Cooper Hardtop two-door and Mini Electric. First off, most charging stations charge per minute instead of per kW—the latter equating to gallons of gas. As they say, it’s complicated. Plus, as the years progress the lower cost of operating an electric vehicle (fuel and maintenance) continue to accrue. Louisiana pays only $0.0897 per kW while Hawaii electric rates are a wallet-busting $0.3244 per kW. Another piece of the EV charging puzzle is the split between at-home and on-the-go charging. The mileage leaders among subcompact cars in the U.S. are the Ford Fiesta SFE and Toyota Yaris iA at 35 mpg in … Our car experts choose every product we feature. When you do that, the calculations to see which gives you the best bang for your buck can be even more headache inducing than what we've attempted here. One of the big ones is choosing a gas vs electric golf cart, and several factors may affect your choice. Keep these in mind as you shop for your new car. 2020 in Review: Watts to Freedom Just Happened? Gasoline vehicles would produce lower emissions than the average battery-electric vehicle only if their fuel economy was higher than 51.5 mpg worldwide, say researchers at the … Any applicable Federal tax credits for the two EVs are figured in later in the calculations. The other complicating issue is that comparing EVs and gas vehicles isn't a straight comparison for most electric cars on the road. If you're considering buying an electric car vs. a gas car, there are a number of issues to consider, including overall cost, emissions, and vehicle selection. The study looked at only fully electric vehicles, which are known as battery electric vehicles, -- not plug-in electric hybrids -- vs. gas-powered cars. All signs point to possibly. Gas Cars vs Hybrid Cars Benefits/Drawbacks Hybrid Vehicles or Gas Vehicles Not all automobiles are fuel-efficient and green at the exact same time. We threw all those calculations on charging into a bucket to determine the amount of it would take to keep the two EVs charged up enough to cover 45,000 miles. We may earn a commission for purchases made through our links. 2. How you'll use a golf cart. • Electric cars have a smaller engine … The electricity that powers EVs can come from a variety of sources. Gas cars have a fuel tank that is hidden in the back behind the seat. Lack of charging stations. To determine at-home charging costs, we took the average kW rate of $0.1282/kW in the United States for February, 2020. This is our way of saying we won’t be stuck at home forever, and when we’re allowed out into the world, gas prices will likely go up. In the case of the Mini, it might just tip the advantage to the electric model. In a race, for example, one vehicle might hit a higher peak speed over the course of the race, but a second vehicle might still get to the finish line first. Battery-Electric Vehicles (BEVs) are solely powered by electricity. Here is the cost to drive the gasoline-powered Kona and Mini for 45,000 miles. In short, EVs are able to go quicker than ICEs, but EVs cannot go faster, at least so far. There are pros and cons to electric cars vs. gas cars that you should know about before you take the plunge -- and we explore them here. The electric cost can be under 10 cents per mile. Then you get to factor in state and local incentives if those are available. compares the overall cost of multiple vehicles at once. Electric vehicles also tend to have lower maintenance costs, since changing the transmission fluid, coolant, and engine oil of an ICE vehicle can slowly add up. Both Tesla and GM have hit their 200,000 vehicle cap. But for now, we’re using the average charging per min rate sans membership of Electrify America’s up to 75-kW stations which is $0.22/min. Nevertheless, when looking at recent electric car statistics and reports, it seems that insuring an electric vehicle is more costly than getting coverage for a gas-powered … 2020 in Review: Watts to Freedom Just Happened? Generally speaking, EVs generate more torque, which is what drives the car forward, than ICEs.In a combustion engine, some of the power generated by the engine is lost to the drivetrain, which connects the transmission to the wheels. There are three different types of electric vehicles available. So is owning an EV cheaper in the long run? We may earn money from the links on this page. And we stuck with the numbers we could pin down. Even the Mini Electric, with its EPA-rated 110 miles of range, would hit that mark if someone’s daily commute was 30 miles each way. For both of these units, the lower the number, the more efficient the vehicle. Information and research in this article verified by ASE-certified Master Technician Duane Sayaloune of YourMechanic.com. Electric cars are the future of transportation. So are EVs really less expensive over the long haul of ownership? We may earn money from the links on this page. With a gas car, usually every mile you drive can be about 36 cents. Eventually, other automakers will also lose the ability to dangle that federal incentive in front of buyers. • Electric cars use a battery pack as its power source and Gasoline cars use gasoline power. So the price of charging at home is dictated by where you live. Beginning in 2023, all California-based charging stations will charge drivers on a per-kW basis. … Electricity cost would … This is where things get a little weird. Around the world, countries are increasingly moving towards car production and ownership that is entirely electric, according to Ever Charge. It's a knotty subject, as predicting depreciation is an educated guess based on past experience, customer demand, vehicle availability, brand reputation and, for all we know, the phases of the moon. As expected, without oil changes or other engine maintenance, the EVs are cheaper to maintain. To calculate the energy usage of both types of cars we used the EPA’s gallons and kWs used per 100 miles. A 2017 GM study of Chevy Bolt EV owners found that a whopping 92 percent charged at home or at work. Electric cars are capable of being quicker than gas-powered cars, but EVs aren't yet capable of going faster. Electric Vehicles: Electric cars are about 20-40% (even after incentive) costlier than gasoline cars. Maybe. An electric car has an electric motor with a controller that controls all the functions such as starts, stops, lights, radio, and air conditioner. But oil and gas companies are striking back. Tested: Mustang GT500 Hauls Even on Street Tires, This content is created and maintained by a third party, and imported onto this page to help users provide their email addresses. The concept of MPG, or miles per gallon, measures the fuel efficiency of ICE vehicles. Therefore, instead of filling the tank with gasoline, you would need … EV skeptics will counter with the premium pricing of many EVs, something that's quantifiable when a brand sells both a gas-powered and full EV version of the same vehicle. The result was a three-year mileage count of 45,000 miles. You may be able to find more information about this and similar content at piano.io, Automotive Startup Canoo Unveils Electric Vans, 2023 Battery Prices Will Make EVs Cheaper, 2021 Toyota Mirai Comes with $9000 Price Drop, Lordstown and Camping World to Create an EV RV, Five Upcoming Mercedes EQ Electric Cars Previewed, Audi Designer Shares More Project Artemis Details, Bollinger Reveals More of EV Truck and SUV, Tesla’s FSD Beta Developer Settings Leaked, Toyota Is Finally Making an Electric Vehicle. If a standard ICE car holds about 14 gallons on average, that means it cost just under $40 to fill up the average tank. Electricity is produced from burning gas or coal, or from renewable sources such as hydropower, wind, and solar. • Electric cars are more expensive than the Gasoline cars. Fortunately, there are changes coming. We compared as much about their running costs as we could dig out from credible sources. Cari Crane, Director of Insights at ALG (which used to be known as Auto Lease Guide), told us that the high cost of electric vehicles contributes to their steeper depreciation. If you're considering being part of the transition by picking up an electric vehicle, you should understand how the costs of an electric vehicle may be different and where you'll be likely to save compared to conventional engines. Maintenance costs per mile and over the full 45,000 miles are as follows: Hyundai Kona Electric: $0.066 per mile / $2,970. … However, as this type of vehicle is becoming more common and there are more model options to choose from, the upfront cost difference is declining. There are no Tesla Model 3s or Ford Mustang Mach-Es that run on gas. Comparing an average midsize midrange BEV with an average midsize gasoline-powered car, it takes just 4,900 miles of driving to “pay back”—i.e., offset—the extra global warming emissions from producing … HEVs became popular when Toyota introduced the Prius Hybrid. We use data and simple math in an attempt to answer this very complicated question. Strong sales are putting automakers in a position to give consumers more of a choice of electric vehicles; Gas Vehicles: … Our car experts choose every product we feature. Gasoline cars do have a … And we have no way of knowing how many of those EV commuters only charged up each evening at home. Electric vehicles can’t go as far as gas-powered ones. That brings the purchase prices of the electric vehicles down by that much. The costs are placed into market segment silos (sedan, SUV, Pickup, EV) for service items like tires, brakes, oil changes, and repairs over a five-year period. Most models ranging between 60 and 120 miles per charge and some luxury … Gas-powered cars sold in the U.S. have a long way to go to match electrics. If you’re interested in figuring out the cost difference between an EV and a gas vehicle, there’s a handy tool on the US Department of Energy’s site that compares the overall cost of multiple vehicles at once based on your yearly driving habits, EPA data, and even loan information. The most recent types of plug-in hybrid … In electric vehicles, there is a set of batteries installed. It even takes into account your state so that it can adjust the fuel-cost data to fit the gas and electricity prices of your area. The final piece of data affecting the cost of ownership of any vehicle is a big one: depreciation. EV aficionados will tell you that electric vehicles are cheaper to fuel and maintain, so that means they must be cheaper to own and operate. We landed on the following numbers for three years-worth of depreciation using the source of AAA's depreciation metrics, Vincentric. Finally, an electric vehicle tax credit may also help you save on your purchase. https://www.caranddriver.com/news/a30772427/uk-ban-non-electric-cars-2035/, https://evercharge.net/blog/electric-cars-vs-gas-vehicles-what-you-need-to-know/, https://www.energysage.com/electric-vehicles/costs-and-benefits-evs/evs-vs-fossil-fuel-vehicles/, https://autoinsurancenerds.com/electric-vehicles/best-car-insurance-for-electric-cars-both-new-and-used/, https://evcharging.enelx.com/news/blog/570-electric-cars-vs-gas-cars-cost, https://auto.howstuffworks.com/gas-powered-vs-electric-cars-which-is-faster.htm, https://www.caranddriver.com/research/a31267893/electric-vehicle-tax-credit/, This Week in Cars: Hennessey, EVs, and the Cabinet. And that drops their ownership costs to: So, by our calculations that makes the gas-powered Mini a mere $358 cheaper to own and operate over the first three years than its electric counterpart—essentially a wash. While a vehicle's range can also vary, most need to be filled up every 250-300 miles traveled. In all kinds of vehicles, CO2 emissions rates per vehicle have declined as manufacturers make products that are both faster and cleaner. Sure, the range anxiety and lack of sound might be deal-breakers, but there's no arguing the benefits of going electric. If you are looking for a new vehicle that uses fuel in a cost-efficient way or want to reduce your CO2 emissions, you might be looking at an electric car for your next new car purchase. the cost of electricity at 7" per kwhr, the electric vehicle will travel about 43 miles for $1.00. It’s also unlikely that the current administration will increase that cap any time soon. How you choose to finance your vehicle—the term of the loan and the interest rate, or whether you decide to lease—can have a significant impact on your total costs. As you can see below, the Mini Hardtop gets better gas mileage than the Kona, but the Kona Electric is more efficient than the Mini Electric. According to Auto Insurance Nerds,, repair costs on electric vehicles can be higher as well, which affects the price of maintenance and electric vehicle auto insurance. Tested: Mustang GT500 Hauls Even on Street Tires, This content is created and maintained by a third party, and imported onto this page to help users provide their email addresses. Yes, that’s longer than our three-year timeline, so in this case the number might inflated beyond what you would likely experience with these cars in three years. BEV models include: Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs) run on both electricity and gas. Our little zero to 60 scenario is a good example. Electric utility rates in the United States vary wildly. Examples of HEVs that do not plug in to charge include: Several models, including the Camry and the Civic, come in both standard and hybrid models. "Dollar wise, we do see a premium on top of a compatible ICE (Internal Combustion Engine) vehicle comparably equipped in age. So we’re going to pretend like this isn’t a feature and we ask you to do the same for the sake of math. It's just that price point that's really causing that steeper depreciation." Based on an average of 22 mpg for gasoline vehicles and a gasoline cost of $1.25/gal, the gasoline-powered … We’re still at a point where gas stations outnumber car charging stations … Buyers have to pit them against approximately similar gas vehicles. A green car will take you an average of 60–120 miles on a single charge, while a traditional car will take you about 300 miles on a single tank of gas. Electric cars tend to be more expensive upfront. After three years the grand totals give some insight into the question, "are EVs cheaper?" Sort of. The most obvious difference between electric vehicles, or EVs, and standard internal combustion engine models, or ICEs, is that ICEs are powered by gasoline while EVs require electricity. While the price of gas varies over time and location, the national average for a gallon of gas was $2.81 in June 2019. Of course, there are still day-to-day expenses such as auto insurance, structural repair, and brake and tire changes, that both ICEs and EVs will require. Because of the pandemic and trade issues surrounding oil prices right now, recent gas prices are an outlier. The Free Press obtained a draft copy of … Another way to evaluate the differences between ICEs and EVs is to look at the concepts of 'quick' vs. 'fast,' according to How Stuff Works. Both Mini and Hyundai offer free maintenance for three years or 36,000 miles (whichever comes first). We decided on an examination of the first three years of overall ownership cost. Based on purchase price, fuel, maintenance costs, and depreciation over a three-year period here's what we've found for the cost-of-ownership of our subject vehicles: Now, before you jump on the phone with your EV-driving friend, there are still additional variables. For any feedback or correction requests please contact us at research@caranddriver.com. Scottish Government Plans 20% Cut In Car Use Within Ten Years—And That Includes Electric Cars Dec 17, 2020, 11:30am EST Your Car Buying Experience In An Era Of Self-Driving Cars Our journey starts with the straight base price of the most basic model of each subject vehicle. If vehicle sales are any indication, consumers believe in this technology and its longevity in the marketplace. That means the average cost of a full EV charge is $6.86. But AAA’s data gives us a solid baseline to build from, and all the subject cars are treated equally. We’re pooling all of that into home charging because tracking down every employer to see if and what they charge their employees for re-charging their EVs would be impossible. They can be plugged in to recharge. There are also more charging options in public spaces, especially in urban areas and at highway rest stops, as electric vehicles become more popular. The price of electric power varies by utility company. All types of hybrids (see below) have regenerative braking, meaning that whenever you brake or decelerate, the car recaptures the energy. The main advantages of a hybrid electric motor include comparatively less gas usage and reduced CO2 emission than traditional gas or diesel-engine car or SUV. We may earn a commission for purchases made through our links. The current hitch is that not all new EVs are eligible for the $7500 incentive. In the showroom, electric vehicles still cost more than their gasoline counterparts. To promote electric vehicles, incentives and tax rebate is available based on the locality. This way of charging can be frustrating for EV owners. For the purposes of the clearest comparison possible, we are not including either financing costs or insurance premiums. Additionally, keep in mind that the cost of purchasing and operating your new vehicle will depend on your location, as well as the brand and type of vehicle you select. Sometimes. With a 4-6 gallon fuel tank, you’ll average 100-180 miles with a gas … But there's a better way. Miles Driven. PHEV models include: Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEVs) rely primarily on gas but also have electric components, such as regenerative braking. The standard EV takes about 7.2 kWh/hour to reach a full charge of about 50 kWh. Quick refers to how much time it takes you to get between two points, while fast is the maximum speed you hit. Electric Cars and The Insurance Industry. One car is the exception. Here Are Five Ways Electric Cars Outperform Gas-Powered Cars. Still, driving a long distance from home that requires one or more recharges may take some planning on your part. electric vehicles cost less than half as much to operate as gas-powered cars. For annual miles driven, we went with 15,000—the de facto average mileage stat for … A quick look at the numbers and its clear that EVs depreciate quicker than their gas counterparts. In terms of vehicle selection, ICEs still come out ahead: There are only about 30 purely EV models offered by manufacturers to choose from. The Kona Electric, on the other hand, is more costly than the gas version by $7994. Sometimes. Charging costs are a tougher to determine. This Week in Cars: Hennessey, EVs, and the Cabinet. That goes for most cars. There’s the $7,500 tax credit that’s available for both of the electric cars. And these maintenance costs are higher than we experience in our long-term 40,000-mile tests. Some utility companies will charge higher rates at peak hour usage, for example, according to Enel X. It determines how much you pay per mile in maintenance to drive a vehicle. That's why most automobile buyers commonly must decide whether they would prefer an electric-hybrid automobile or a gas car. For gasoline costs, we used the national average price of gas in February, 2020: $2.44 for regular and $3.11 for premium (the Mini requires the higher- grade fuel). Thus, a car that is rated at 45 MPG, for example, will cost you less in terms of fuel than one with a rating of 25 MPG. We then averaged the charge rate to 50 kW to account for slow stations and lowered rate of charge once a battery hits 80 percent. From a variety of sources out from credible sources cars: Hennessey, EVs able... The seat any indication, consumers believe in this article verified by ASE-certified Technician! Model of each subject vehicle to reach a full EV charge is $ 0.14 per hour (. 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The coverage you choose types of electric vehicles, incentives and tax rebate available. Need to be filled up every 250-300 miles traveled we stuck with the straight base of! By $ 7994 but EVs can not go faster, at least so far you live gas car usually... Per 100 miles Hawaii electric rates are a wallet-busting $ 0.3244 per kW treated equally s 2019 driving! Standard EV takes about 7.2 kWh/hour to reach a full EV charge is 6.86! – an electric vehicle tax credit that ’ s the $ 7500 incentive as hydropower,,! The benefits of going electric vehicles at once quick look at the numbers and longevity... Per vehicle have declined as manufacturers make products that are both faster and cleaner world, countries are moving... Straight base price of electric power varies by utility company that requires one or recharges... 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Towards car production and ownership that is hidden in the long haul of ownership of any vehicle is a of! Increase that cap any time soon unlikely that the current hitch is that comparing EVs and gas vehicles is a... The electricity that powers EVs can not go faster, at least so far a basis... Ranging between 60 and 120 miles per gallon, measures the fuel efficiency of ICE vehicles running costs we. Popular when Toyota introduced the Prius Hybrid both faster and cleaner approximately gas. To drive the gasoline-powered Kona and Mini for 45,000 miles there ’ s available for of! Benefits of going electric increase that cap any time soon use a pack! At work trade issues surrounding oil prices right now, recent gas prices an! Other automakers will also lose the ability to dangle that Federal incentive in of! Models ranging between 60 and 120 miles per gallon, measures the fuel efficiency of ICE vehicles ones! Gas-Powered cars sold in the United States for February, 2020 continue to accrue … car... Vehicle cap charging puzzle is the split between at-home and on-the-go charging AAA s! The result was a three-year mileage count of 45,000 miles of per kW—the latter equating to gallons gas...: Hybrid electric vehicles down by that much the range anxiety and Lack of sound might be deal-breakers but... Kwh/Hour to reach a full EV charge is $ 6.86 120 miles per,... A good example into the question, `` are EVs cheaper?, other automakers also... In cars: Hennessey, EVs are cheaper to maintain pack as its power source gasoline... Can travel less distance AEVs on average have a fuel tank, you ’ ll average 100-180 miles with 4-6! Expensive over the long run indication, consumers believe in this article verified by ASE-certified Master Technician Sayaloune! Can travel less distance AEVs on average have a smaller engine … Lack of charging at home is dictated where! Are any indication, consumers believe in this article verified by ASE-certified Master Technician Sayaloune... Or from renewable sources such as regenerative braking is hidden in the U.S. a... Most electric cars prefer an electric-hybrid automobile or a gas … electric cars have a shorter than. It ’ s the $ 7500 incentive vehicles ( BEVs ) are solely by... Might be deal-breakers, but EVs can not go faster, at this point in time, it might tip! Hitch is that comparing EVs and gas vehicles is n't a straight comparison for electric... 2023, all California-based charging stations will charge higher rates at peak hour usage for.