André memorial at Find A Grave New York Times Obituary Add a photo to this gallery [28], British Army officer during the American Revolutionary War, Head of British Secret Service in America, NOTE: The capture occurred in the area of present day, Dictionary of British Sculptors 1660-1851, Rupert Gunnis, Intelligence in the American Revolutionary War, "Pounds Sterling to Dollars: Historical Conversion of Currency", "Commemorating the Defense of Teller's Point", Local History: British Agent Detained in Tarrytown, Executed in Rockland, "Benedict Arnold, John André, and His Three Yeoman Captors: A Sentimental Journey or American Virtue Defined", "The Capture of Major John André" by A.C. Warren (1856), Letters from André, including coded interchange between André and Arnold, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=John_André&oldid=992199854, 18th-century executions by the United States, 18th-century executions by New York (state), British Army personnel of the American Revolutionary War, British military personnel killed in the American Revolutionary War, British spies during the American Revolution, Huguenot participants in the American Revolution, People executed by the United States military by hanging, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2020, Articles using NRISref without a reference number, Articles lacking reliable references from November 2020, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from May 2019, Wikipedia articles with RKDartists identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, "He was more unfortunate than criminal." The Colquhon brothers who were commanded by Benedict Arnold to bring André from the sloop-of-war Vulture to shore, as well as Major Keirs, under whose supervision the boat was obtained, were exonerated from all suspicion. JJ Feild was born on April 1, 1978 in Boulder, Colorado, USA as John Joseph Feild. Having left a mother and two sisters in England, he was heard to mention them in terms of the tenderest affection, and in his letter to Sir Henry Clinton, he recommended them to his particular attention. André offered them his horse and watch, if they would let him go, but they declined. So in 1775, when the Second Continental Congress chose Washington as commander in chief of the Continental armi… Chester, an American genealogist who edited the "Westminster Abbey Registers", did a lot of research into the André family. If you see something that doesn't look right, contact us! – from a letter of George Washington to, "An accomplished man and gallant officer." Arnold commanded West Point and had agreed to surrender it to the British for £20,000 (approximately $3.65 million in 2018[3])—a move that would have enabled the British to cut off New England from the rest of the colonies. But when André was captured (and executed), Benedict’s treason was uncovered. Colonel J.L. In 1779, Andre was promoted to the rank of major and placed in charge of gathering intelligence for the British. Her father was a well-respected lawyer and judge; her mother was the daughter of a prominent lawyer. "use strict";(function(){var insertion=document.getElementById("citation-access-date");var date=new Date().toLocaleDateString(undefined,{month:"long",day:"numeric",year:"numeric"});insertion.parentElement.replaceChild(document.createTextNode(date),insertion)})(); Subscribe to the Biography newsletter to receive stories about the people who shaped our world and the stories that shaped their lives. The painting now hangs in the White House.[2]. [26], The names of André's captors were John Paulding, David Williams, and Isaac Van Wert. Benjamin Rush is best known for his political activities during the American Revolution, including signing the Declaration of Independence. Among her ancestors were two mayors of Philadelphia. However, he did not attempt to pass the blame onto Arnold. Wife of American Traitor General Benedict Arnold Peggy (Margaret) Shippen was born on July 11, 1760, to one of the most prominent families in Philadelphia, which included two Philadelphia mayors and the founder of Shippensburg, Pennsylvania. Shippen also introduces Arnold to the enemy. The two men conferred in the woods below Stony Point on the river's west bank until nearly dawn, after which André accompanied Arnold several miles to the Joshua Hett Smith House (Treason House) in West Haverstraw, New York, owned by Thomas Smith and occupied by his brother Joshua. [16], A religious poem was found in his pocket after his execution, written two days beforehand.[17]. He also asserted that, as a prisoner of war, he had the right to escape in civilian clothes. They were so wonderful together. The precise convergence of three dynamic forces—culture, environment, and talent—combined to produce one of the most collected figurative painters on the American art scene today. He first learned to use on-the-ground information from Native Americans and deserting French soldiers during the French and Indian War. Not a murmur or a sigh ever escaped him, and the civilities and attentions bestowed on him were politely acknowledged. André went up the Hudson River on the British sloop-of-war Vulture on Wednesday, 20 September 1780 to visit Arnold. On 29 September 1780, the board found André guilty of being behind American lines "under a feigned name and in a disguised habit" and ordered that "Major André, Adjutant-General to the British Army, ought to be considered as a Spy from the enemy, and that agreeable to the law and usage of nations, it is their opinion, he ought to suffer death. 2, 1780) was a British intelligence officer during the American Revolution.In 1779, he assumed oversight of secret intelligence for the British army and opened contact with American traitor Maj. Gen. Benedict Arnold.Andre was later captured, convicted, and hanged as … The two, however, remained in touch. André was born on 2 May 1750 in London to wealthy Huguenot parents Antoine André, a merchant from Geneva, Switzerland, and Marie Louise Girardot from Paris, France. The brothers finally agreed to row after threats by Arnold to arrest them. General Washington convened a board of senior officers to investigate the matter. Around this time, André had been negotiating with disillusioned American General Benedict Arnold. John Andre conspired with Continental Army […] On Oct. 2, 1780, British intelligence officer John Andre met his awful fate with courage, much as his American counterpart Nathan Hale met his four years earlier. He betrayed no want of fortitude, but retained a complacent smile on his countenance, and politely bowed to several gentlemen whom he knew, which was respectfully returned. He was briefly engaged to Honora Sneyd. Posted on June 1, 2014 Updated on June 1, 2014. On October 2, 1780, British officer Major John André was executed by hanging as a British spy. [19][20] Nathan Strickland,[21][22] André's executioner, who was confined at the camp in Tappan as a dangerous Tory during André's trial, was granted liberty for accepting the duty of hangman and returned to his home in the Ramapo Valley or Smith's Cove, and nothing further of him is known. At first, all went well for André since post commandant Lieutenant Colonel John Jameson decided to send him to Arnold, never suspecting that a high-ranking hero of the Revolution could be a turncoat. [citation needed] Joshua Hett Smith, who was accompanying him, left him just before he was captured. André appealed to George Washington to be executed as a gentleman by being shot rather than hanged as a "common criminal", but by the rules of war he was hanged as a spy at Tappan, New York on 2 October 1780. He lived in the home of Caleb Cope, enjoying the freedom of the town, as he had given his word not to escape. The match was somewhat controversial, in part because Peggy leaned loyalist, while Benedict was an officer in the Continental military; and because he had a reputation as a fiery, impatient man who stood accused of illegal business dealings. He was dressed in his royal regimentals and boots, and his remains, in the same dress, were placed in an ordinary coffin, and interred at the foot of the gallows; and the spot was consecrated by the tears of thousands...[18]. The note gave Arnold time to escape to the British. [4] From their position at Teller's Point they began to assail the Vulture and a longboat associated with it with rifle and musket fire. André rode on in safety until 9 a.m. on 23 September, when he came near Tarrytown, New York,[clarification needed] where armed militiamen John Paulding, Isaac Van Wart, and David Williams stopped him.[9][10]. She knows exactly whom to contact: her former lover in the English army, John Andre. The board consisted of Major Generals Nathanael Greene (the presiding officer), Lord Stirling, Arthur St. Clair, Lafayette (who cried at André's execution), Robert Howe, Steuben, Brigadier Generals Samuel H. Parsons, James Clinton, Henry Knox, John Glover, John Paterson, Edward Hand, Jedediah Huntington, John Stark, and Judge Advocate General John Laurance. Intelligence, he learned, could make the difference between victory or death. Colonel Scammel now informed him that he had an opportunity to speak, if he desired it; he raised the handkerchief from his eyes, and said, "I pray you to bear me witness that I meet my fate like a brave man." Peggy devoted herself to her children — four sons and a daughter — scrambling to ensure their financial well-being before she died of cancer on August 24, 1804. The trial contrasted with Sir William Howe's treatment of Hale some four years earlier. John Andre (1750 – 1780) joined the British Army in 1771, and was posted to Canada in 1774, on the eve of the American Revolutionary War. He is an actor and producer, known for Homicide: Life on the Street (1993), Frequency (2000) and The Mist (2007). John André (2 May 1751 – 2 October 1780) was a major in the British Army and head of its Secret Service in America during the American Revolutionary War. None of these men knew Arnold's purpose or suspected his treason; all were told that the purpose was to do good for the patriot cause. IMDb E.J. Jameson sent General George Washington the six sheets of paper carried by André, but he was unwilling to believe that Benedict Arnold could be guilty of treason. There he admitted who he really was. Andre Braugher was born on July 1, 1962 in Chicago, Illinois, USA as Andre Keith Braugher. It was a tragical scene of the deepest interest. Peggy came of age during the American Revolution, in which she eventually played a significant role. The fatal hour having arrived, a large detachment of troops was paraded, and an immense concourse of people assembled; almost all our general and field officers, excepting his excellency and staff, were present on horseback; melancholy and gloom pervaded all ranks, and the scene was affectingly awful. André asked whether Tallmadge thought the situations similar; he replied, "Yes, precisely similar, and similar shall be your fate," referring to Hale having been hanged by the British as a spy.[14]. He also wrote many comic verses. When France entered war in June 1778, André left Philadelphia with his fellow troops. He was hanged as a spy by the Continental Army for assisting Benedict Arnold's attempted surrender of the fort at West Point, New York, to the British. [1] He was educated at St Paul's School, Westminster School, and in Geneva. Peggy had three older sisters and an older brother. Shortly thereafter, on 23 September 1780, Arnold's attempt to surrender West Point to the British was uncovered with the arrest of Maj. John André (1751-1780), the British spy with whom he had plotted. This was due to an incident in which he assisted Benedict Arnold's attempted surrender of the fort at West Point, New York to … Perhaps the most notable liaison of Peggy’s teenage years was the one she had with Major John André, a British officer who, like her, seemed to break hearts wherever he went. Observing his servant enter the room in tears, he exclaimed, "Leave me till you can show yourself more manly!" Peggy Shippen, wife of the infamous traitor Benedict Arnold, conspired with her husband to undermine the American colonists’ fight for independence from Great Britain. Jameson did not want his army career to be wrecked later for having wrongly believed that his general was a traitor. André thought that they were Tories because one was wearing a Hessian soldier's overcoat. André has been portrayed several times in film and television: by Michael Wilding as an eloquent and dignified idealist in the 1955 Hollywood film The Scarlet Coat; by JJ Feild in the TV series Turn: Washington's Spies; by Eric Joshua Davis in the TV series Sleepy Hollow; and by John Light in the movie "Benedict Arnold: A Question of Honor". Benedict had become commander of West Point, a strategic fort on the Hudson River. Andre was an officer in General William Howe's command. I have just witnessed his exit. The presence of the warship was discovered by two American privates, John Peterson and Moses Sherwood the following morning on September 21. He was a great favorite in colonial society, both in Philadelphia and New York, during those cities' occupation by the British Army. Peggy married Benedict, a widower with three children, on April 8, 1779. The other son John married Louise Vazeille and had seven children. Arnold received Jameson's note while at breakfast with his officers, made an excuse to leave the room, and was not seen again. It was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1982.[27]. Peggy Shippen, wife of the infamous traitor Benedict Arnold, conspired with her husband to undermine the American colonists’ fight for independence from Great Britain. Her husband, John Andretti, was the older brother of racer Adam Andretti, nephew of Indianapolis 500 winner Mario Andretti, and first cousin to IndyCar champion Jeff Andretti, and Michael Andretti. Despite a lack of credible evidence to support this, she remains an icon of American history. Major John Andre (May 2, 1750–Oct. Margaret Shippen, known as Peggy, was born on July 11, 1760, in colonial Philadelphia, the youngest daughter in a wealthy family. Tallmadge had been a classmate of Nathan Hale while both were at Yale, and he described the capture of Hale. From the beginning of Washington’s meteoric rise, intelligence gathering helped shape his military career. It was re-dedicated in 1880 and today is located in Patriot's Park on U.S. Route 9 along the boundary between Tarrytown and Sleepy Hollow in Westchester County. Instantly recovering his composure, he said, "I am reconciled to my death, but I detest the mode." They have three children. An eyewitness account of André's last day can be found in the book The American Revolution: From the Commencement to the Disbanding of the American Army Given in the Form of a Daily Journal, with the Exact Dates of all the Important Events; Also, a Biographical Sketch of the Most Prominent Generals by James Thacher, M.D., a surgeon in the American Revolutionary Army: October 2d.-- Major André is no more among the living. Teresa Met Her First Husband, John Heinz, While a Student at the University of Geneva. He therefore insisted on sending a note to Arnold informing him of the entire situation. 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